Vaccination is one of the easiest and best ways to protect your children from several deadly diseases. It not only assures protection but also prevention against the fatal complications which accompany these diseases.
Children are born with a weaker immunity as compared to adults which makes them more susceptible to catch a number of bacteria and viruses. Their immune system is still immature and in a developing stage. Thus vaccination seems an ideal way to help in maturing the immune system and offer broad spectrum protection and resistance to a number of diseases and its complication.
What a Vaccine Really Does?
As you know when you fall sick, your body is invaded by a number of germs due to which your body's immune system produces a number of antibodies specific to fight these germs. These antibodies are germ specific. Secondly, these antibodies remain in your body circulation to fight against any future infections with the same germ as well. This is the basic principle behind why people who are infected with chickenpox or measles once in their lifetime never get infected again no matter how many times they are exposed to these viruses.
The only catch here is that you have to fall sick in order to develop immunity. Here our vaccines come into play. They help to stimulate and develop your immunity without falling sick. Vaccines are made from germs of particular disease such as measles or mumps but in a weakened or killed state which is just enough to stimulate the defence system to produce antibodies rather than make you fall sick.
Thus immunisation is started from an early age in order to provide resistance and help in maturing the immune system. This helps your child fight and resist a number of infections they are exposed on a daily basis. Most of these infections have more serious effects when they affect infants and younger children.
Vaccination starts as soon as the child is born and lasts usually up to 16 years of age which includes booster shots of various vaccines. Immunisation schedule is same in all parts of India with certain additional new vaccines being recommended by the doctor and is optional dependent upon the parents across various parts of the country.
Commonly given vaccines for the major diseases include BCG, Tetanus, Polio drops, Pertussis, Diphtheria, Hepatitis, Measles and Mumps. New and additional vaccines are also added such as Rotavirus vaccine, Pneumococcal vaccines and the Flu vaccine.
Advantages of the Prick
Mostly all vaccines offer complete protection lifetime while some need to be repeated at later stages. Vaccines have literally no side effects, but certain children can have a mild fever or allergic reaction. This can easily be tackled with paracetamol and anti-allergies as prescribed by your doctor.
If vaccines are prepared, stored and administered correctly to children with a healthy immune system they cause no side effects. Be sure your child gets their shots from a well-qualified doctor.
Contraindications for Giving Vaccines
- If your child is having fever you should postpone your shots.
- Discuss any major medical illness or allergies of your child with your doctor prior to giving vaccination.
Always remain up to date with your child's immunisation as it is much better to get the prick of health rather than the disease itself.
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