Dental caries or tooth cavity is the breakdown of teeth and is one of the most common oral health problems in children. Cavities are caused when bacteria attack the teeth and cause damage to the teeth. The activity of cavities causing bacteria is hugely affected by the food a child eats. Modifying texture, frequency or the type of food consumed can help prevent cavities in children. Some simple food modifications to prevent cavities include:
1. Decrease Consumption Of Cavities Promoting Foods
Some foods increase the growth of cavity forming bacteria and these foods are known as cavities forming foods or cariogenic foods. These include chips, breakfast cereals, bread, pasta, fruits (fresh, dried and canned), fruit drinks, sodas, ice teas, other sweetened beverages, desserts, cookies, cakes, honey, table sugar, chocolates and candies. Consumption of these foods should be decreased in your child's diet to prevent a formation of cavities.
2. Increase Consumption Of Cavities Preventing Foods
Some foods decrease the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth and prevent the formation of cavities. These foods are called cavities preventing foods or cariostatic foods. These include milk, cheese, eggs, fish, meat, poultry; vegetables, and sugarless gum. You should include more of these foods in your child's diet to prevent the formation of cavities.
3. Food Texture or Form
The form in which food is consumed affects cavity forming potential of food. Liquids such as juice or milk are rapidly cleared from the mouth and are less cavity forming. Solid foods, such as chips, pretzels, dry cereals, and cookies stick between the teeth and promote cavity formation. Hard candies, lollipops, sugared breath mints and other sticky foods like bananas which are favourite among children also cause cavities.
4. Reduce Frequency Consumption of Cavity Forming Foods
Frequent consumption of cavities forming food increases incidence of dental caries, therefore, decrease the frequency of these foods. Example: If your child likes to eat cookies, let him eat 3-4 cookies at one go, followed by brushing the teeth or rinsing the mouth with water than giving him one cookie every 2 hours.
5. Combine Cavity Forming Foods With Nutrient Dense Foods
Foods rich in calcium and phosphorus such as milk and milk products prevent cavity formation. So if you give your child milk or cheese with the cavity forming foods like bread or banana or cereals, it will help prevent cavities. Crackers and biscuits can be given with cheese likewise desserts can be combined with high fibre nuts like almonds or pistachio to reduce cavities.
6. Reduce Exposure To Cavities Forming Foods
The amount of time that teeth are exposed to a certain food also affects cavity formation. The longer time food is retained in the mouth, the greater growth of cavity forming bacteria. Hence, it is essential your child gargles or brushes teeth immediately after consumption of these foods.
7. Oral Hygiene
Failure to clean teeth regularly results in the accumulation of food in teeth cervices which would increase bacterial growth and cause cavities. It is, therefore, essential that along with modifying food habits, you encourage your child to brush teeth or gargle after each meal.
These are some simple dietary modifications that would prevent teeth cavities in your child.
Click on the link http://bit.ly/Appystore_shinysmilesihave to watch video nursery rhyme 'Shiny smile' to encourage your child to brush teeth.