Know More About IB's Kindergarten Programme

2 year(s) ago
Know More About IB's Kindergarten Programme

"Play is the highest form of research"

-Albert Einstein

When Albert Einstein makes a statement like this; you cannot ignore it. It is criminal to disturb a child who is totally immersed in playing. Who knows, what discovery he was about to make for himself!

Play schools and kindergartens have since long recognised this need for play and follow what is called the ‘play way method'. IB PYP (IB Primary Years Programme) is blossoming among established philosophies and fast gaining popularity over the last few years.

When we talk about kindergarten, it is necessary to talk about the IB PYP too; as it caters to children from 3-12 years. Their teaching methods have been developed after thorough research. It is managed by IB (International Baccalaureate).

At PYP, teachers do not merely engaged in the role of doling out information; they play the role of facilitators. They help the children in not just finding answers but also in forming their own questions. They help in moulding children into enquirers, as it is the spirit of inquiry which will turn them into lifelong learners.

PYP focuses on student centred learning.

PYP aims to develop learners who are:

  • Inquirers.
  • Knowledgeable.
  • Thinkers.
  • Communicators.
  • Principled.
  • Open-minded.
  • Caring.
  • Risk-takers.
  • Balanced.
  • Reflective.

To achieve its goal, PYP provides schools with a curriculum framework of essential elements such as knowledge, concepts, skills, attitudes, and action. This will help equip them for successful lives, both now and in the future.

The six subject areas identified within the IB PYP are:

  • Language.
  • Social Studies.
  • Mathematics.
  • Arts.
  • Science.
  • Personal, Social and Physical Education.

The unique approach to education here is its transdisciplinary nature. That means it crosses the conventional boundaries between disciplines. Subjects are not taught in isolation but are woven around six themes.

This approach has been beautifully explained by a PYP teacher,

"It is not just looking at one subject and studying it. For example, when we are studying a science unit of plants, we move forward to studying about deforestation which is a social science subject."

These are six transdisciplinary themes around which the curriculum revolves:

Who we are

The child is encouraged to enquire aboutself and his cross-linking relationship between friends, family, communities and cultures. His physical, mental, social and spiritual health; his values and beliefs; his rights and responsibilities. And most of all he learns what it means to be human.

Where we are in place and time

This is essentially the history of all humankind. It involves all journeys and discoveries; explorations, migrations and the relationship between individuals and civilizations from the local and global perspectives.

How we express ourselves

Ways in which we express ideas and feelings. How our nature and culture shape our beliefs; the ways in which we reflect; how we enjoy our creativity and appreciate aesthetics.

How the world works

This is an introduction to environmental science. An understanding of scientific laws and principles of nature is developed along with an insight into the interconnectedness between humans and the environment.

How we organize ourselves

The connections between man-made systems and communities; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment are looked at.

Sharing the planet

Inquiry into sharing the finite resources on the planet; equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution.

Each theme is addressed each year by all students. (Students aged 3 to 5 engage with four of the themes each year.) In addition all PYP students have the opportunity to learn more than one language from the age of seven.

This programme lays the foundation for other IB programs.

I would like to end this article with a quote from Stacia Taucher:

"We worry about what a child will become tomorrow, yet we forget that he is someone today."

So why not let those tender years truly be "Wonder Years" for our children?

Read more blog in this series:
To Read "Key Principles of Waldorf Education for Your Child". Click here

To Read "Is Montessori The Right Start For Your Child?". Click here

Click on the link to watch kids videos and download apps & games for your kids.

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Radhika Chitre
Radhika is a mother of two children with strikingly opposite personalities. A teacher by profession, she is passionate about education. She believes that each child is unique and it is this uniqueness which never ceases to amaze her.

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