Read the questions given below. See how many you can answer correctly.
"When is the Republic Day of India celebrated?"
"What does the term ‘Republic' mean?"
"What is the difference between Republic Day and Independence Day?"
As Republic Day comes closer, these questions and many more related ones come to our mind. But we seldom get satisfactory answers to some. By the end of the day, we conveniently forget them, and enjoy the National holiday, as the day after is usually a busy and hectic day with the regular schedule.
This time, let's find the correct answers and also convey to our children who believe us to be living encyclopedias.
Meaning of the Term Republic.
The term ‘Republic' derives its origin from Latin rēs pūblica, where rēs means matter/thing/entity and pūblica means public.
Thus, it implies that a Republic is a system of government in which the power is vested in the people. But if each and every individual is asked to work or look after the country, there would be a difference of opinions, great chaos and it will not be practically possible to do so. Hence, representatives are chosen to look after the state. These representatives work for the betterment of the country and its people.
Also, the head of the republican government is not a monarch (king/queen) or a hereditary head.
On 15th of August, 1947 India became a free nation, but it was still a Dominion of the British which meant that it was still semi-dependent on British with George VI as head of the state and Earl Mountbatten as Governor General. The rules and legislations that Indians followed were based on the modified Colonial Government of India Act framed in 1935.
Soon after freedom, on 29th of August 1947, the Constitution Drafting Committee was appointed to write a Constitution under the able guidance of the great economist and the first law minister of independent India Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.
What is the Constitution?
A ‘Constitution' is a set of fundamental principles, rules and laws that guide how a country works. The constitution tells what powers the representatives of public have and where their limits are. It also states the fundamental rights and duties of the citizens. It took nearly 3 years for the constitution of India to be written.
Why was 26th January Chosen?
This important set of guidelines called ‘The Constitution' was adopted by the India Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, but they waited for three months and constitution came into force formally on 26 January 1950. It was finally on this date that India became a completely independent republic.
The date 26 January was chosen because it was on this day, in 1930, when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was announced by the Indian National Congress.
The Indian National Congress and other parties had been celebrating 26 January as a symbol of Independence, even before India actually became independent. Thus, the constitution was signed on 26 January, to mark and respect 26 January and the freedom struggle and the freedom fighters.
Difference between Independence Day and Republic Day
While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates coming into force of its constitution.
In the true sense, we became independent on 26 January 1950.
The Republic Day is celebrated with a grand parade that is held at the Rajpath, in the country's capital New Delhi. The national flag is hoisted and National Anthem is played. The parade displays India's Defense Capability and Cultural and Social Heritage. State capitals also have their state celebrations.
So, let's gear up, and celebrate this important National festival with great fervor and explain all important details about Republic Day to our children.
Click on the link bit.ly/Appystore_NationalSymbols to watch a video on the National symbols of India.
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