The term division sounds like a dreadful word even to the adult ears. When I introspect, even I have had apprehensions over introducing division to my kids. How will they react? Will they understand it easily or will they have a lot of doubts? So this time, I thought of working on my fears. Why not develop an easy approach of introducing division to a beginners.
What is Division?
What's my share?
Begin with playing the game of ‘what's my share' with your child. Make use of stickers, badges, beads, UNO cards, toffees, chocolates, pencils, books, toys, marbles and anything else that interests the child. The target of this game is that every person gets a ‘fair share' Show equal distribution by giving one thing at a time to each person involved, until it is no longer possible to equally distribute objects. ‘Equal sharing is the highlighting term in division.
The number of objects that are left behind when equal distribution is not possible is called the remainder. It is alright to let the remainder concept seep in right from the beginning.
So, from the four operations of arithmetic, division emerges out to be a ‘Sharing Operation' where objects are shared equally. The fun and easy names will help in keeping the fear out of the dreadful demon that division has been turned out to be.
(The first mantra for Division: Division is to Share Equally.)
Practice of Equal Sharing: Take an empty ice tray. Give 20 beads/kidney beans to your child. Ask him to place them equally between any two slots. Gradually increase the number of slots to 3, 4, 5 and 6. Remainder will be there at some places. This activity will take them from concrete to abstract.
Picture division: At this stage, worksheets with pictures can be given to the child, in which equal numbers of objects are to be encircled.
When the share is fixed, how many people get the objects? Roma is on a visit to an orphanage on her birthday. She has a packet of toffees from which she gives four toffees to each child. Each time she gives to a child, 4 toffees are subtracted from the packet until all toffees are over or less are left. (The second mantra for Division: Division is repeated subtraction.)
Try these at home and make Maths fun for your child.
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