My daughter's senior kindergarten class teacher was disappointed as she was one of those two children who did not understand simple addition taught in class. The other was a boy well below his age. I was taken aback for a moment but recollected myself and responded in a calm manner. She will learn. This was just the first introduction to addition. I'll try and take up the topic with her at home.
This incident turned out to be a blessing in disguise. I actively took up the challenge of dealing with different Math concepts with my daughter and decided I will not move on to the next topic until she is thorough with her previous one.
Mentioned below are some of the methods that I used to teach addition to my daughter:
Narrating addition situations in a story form
For example, Anna kept her 2 cute dolls on her bed. Her little sister brought 3 of her dolls. How many dolls are now on the bed? Situations from daily life catch attention more easily. These stories can even be narrated in the evenings while taking a stroll in the garden.
Story problems that can be drawn
On the first day there were three flowers on a bush in the garden. Next day 4 more flowers bloomed. Draw as you talk. Let your child also draw, colour and then count the total number of flowers.
Double dice games
Board games like Ludo, Snakes and Ladders can be played with two dices instead of 1. Number of dots will be added to find the number of moves taken.
On each of the ten fingers draw different faces, give them names and a fun game is ready in which you can bring in a simple addition problem. For example, show a thumb and two fingers and say, "Mr. Sam went for a picnic with his two sons. On the way, they took along their friends Mr. Bean, his wife with their two children Molly and Tom. How many people went to the picnic?" Soon you will see how your child will start inventing his own addition stories using finger puppets.
Double digit addition with carryover
For example, to add 15 beads and 18 beads, first separate the group of tens from each collection. There are two groups of tens as 15 = 10 + 5 and 18 = 10 + 8. Now count the 5 beads and 8 beads together. It comes to be 13 that can be regrouped as 10 and 3. In the end, we have 3 groups of tens and 3 single beads. So, the answer comes to be 3 tens and 3 which is equal to 33.
Methods are many. The most important aspect I want to highlight here is that we need to understand that children are in the learning process. They will make mistakes but, with constant efforts and enough repetition, they will eventually learn. Let us provide them a pressure free, learning environment that they can enjoy.
(At this point, let me share a secret with you…….People consider me good at math…. But I never scored more than 60 or 65 out of 100 in school……I even failed in Math once…;)…
And as far as my daughter is concerned, in Class III, she even taught addition with carryover to her classmates who needed help.
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